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  Home > Holiday Ideas > Pilgrimage India > Mathura Vrindavan - Krishna Country

Mathura Vrindavan - Krishna Country

 
There are quite a few legends associated with Mathura and Vrindavan. According to one, Mathura was founded in the Treta Yuga by Shatrughna, the younger brother of Lord Rama. The other legend associates Mathura with the King Kamsa (in the Mahabharata era), the maternal uncle of Lord Krishna. According to Hindu mythology, Kamsa heard a divine prophecy saying that he would be killed by his sister Devki's eighth son. Hence, he imprisoned his sister Devki and her husband Vasudeva and kept on killing their children one after another.
Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
During the birth of Lord Krishna, miraculously all guards went to sleep, prison gates opened and Vasudeva was able to carry his son to Gokul crossing the wild river Yamuna in the mid night. The divine prophecy came true and Krishna killed tyrant Kamsa and ruled Mathura for a long time. Vrindavan is the place where Lord Krishna spent his childhood leaving a number of myths and legends of love and friendship behind.
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Mathura-Vrindavan
Uttar Pradesh
Mathura
Vrindavan
Stay Options
How to Reach

Mathura and Vrindavan are closely associated with the birth and childhood of Lord Krishna, the guide, philosopher, lover and supreme. Also known as Braj Bhumi, Mathura and Vrindavan are still alive with the Krishna legend. Mathura, a non-descript village on the bank of the Yamuna, was transformed into a place of light and pilgrimage after Krishna was born here. Vrindavan, some 15 km away from Mathura is the place where Krishna spent most of his childhood, serenading gopis and showing miracles one moment, and killing demons the next.

Mathura in Uttar Pradesh is located at a distance of 145 km south-east of Delhi and 58 km north-west of Agra. Vrindavan, 15 km from Mathura, is a major place of pilgrimage for the Hindus, on the banks of the Yamuna. Vrindavan is synonymous with the child like playfulness of Krishna. Both Mathura and Vrindavan attract lakhs of pilgrims every year. Mathura and Vrindavan are noted for their numerous temples - both old and modern.

To enjoy the most of Mathura and Vrindavan either visit in March during Holi when the region is steeped in Holi fervour or in August (during Krishna Janamasthmi) and you'll see Krishna fever at its peak, as countless pilgrims gather to relive the birth of the blue-skinned god.

Mathura
Situated on the banks of the Yamuna, Mathura is a holy town where lord Krishna was born. An important place of pilgrimage for Hindus, Mathura has a number of temples. According to a saying, "One can count number of dust particles on the land, but not temples in Mathura." Every single home, small temple, building, shop, ghat...is considered holy in the city. Mathura is wrapped in timeless devotion to Lord Krishna, the lover of Radha, the cowherd-prince, the charioteer of Arjun and the most popular reincarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Places of Interest in Mathura
Dwarkadhish Temple, Mathura

Dwarkadhish Temple: An important landmark in Mathura is Dwarkadhish Temple that was built in early 19th century. The temple is the main centre of celebrations during festivals and fairs.

Rangji Temple: Built in South Indian style in 1851, Rangji Temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Ranganatha - a form of Lord Vishnu lying down on the Sesha-Naga (celestial serpent). This temple has a traditional South Indian gopuram (gateway) and is surrounded by high walls. A 10-day grand car festival (Brahmotsava) is held every year in March-April.

Krishna Janmabhoomi, Mathura

Krishna Janmabhoomi: The site of Lord Krishna's birth is ensnared in controversy, due to its closeness to a mosque. There is an old prison at the basement of the temple, which is said to be the same prison where Krishna took birth.

Radha Madanmohana Temple: Among the oldest temples in the area, the Radha Madanmohana Temple was established by Srila Sanatana Gosvami. The original statue of Madana-mohana was taken to Karauli in Rajasthan for safety during the attack by the soldiers of the Emperor Aurangzeb.

Vrindavan
Vrindavan is about 15 km from Mathura and is popularly known as the playground of lord Krishna. Vrindavan is also famous for being the place where love between Krishna and Radha blossomed. There are numerous temples in Vrindavan, dedicated to lord Krishna. Many new temples have also come up during last few years. The town is very congested and its alleys give a feel of being in the holy city of Varanasi.

Places of Interest in Vrindavan
Bankey Bihari Temple, Vrindavan

Bankey Bihari Temple: The most popular temple in Vrindavan, is also the most beautiful. Many legends say that Krishna still visits the temple during night and take his dinner in temple. Such is the popularity of the temple that it is swarmed by pilgrims throughout the day.

ISKCON Temple: The ISKCON temple, also called Krishna Balaram Mandir, is devoted to Krishna, his brother Balram and Radha (Krishna's love). Adjoining the temple is the samadhi of Shri Prabhupada, the founder of the ISKCON sect, built in pure white marble. Hare Krishna devotees from all around the world flock here, bringing a truly international flavour to this ancient holy city.

Govind Deo Temple, Vrindavan

Govind Deo (Govindaji) Temple: The seven-storey magnificent temple was built by Man Singh, a General in Akbar's army. The architecture of temple was a mix of Indian, Persian and Greek style. Akabar is believed to have donated red sandstone from Agra Fort for the construction of the temple. Aurangzeb, the later Mughal ruler, destroyed the temple very badly.

Seva Kunj: Seva Kunj is the place where Krishna used to dance and enjoy with the Gopis of village. He spent his best time with Radha in these gardens. There is a small temple in the mid of garden, dedicated to the love of Radha-Krishna.


Reaching the Temples
Vrindavan has very congested lanes, cars and taxis go to the entry point, from where rickshaws are available. Rickshaws or walking are the only options to explore Vrindavan.
Mathura streets are very narrow lanes. The best way to watch the temples, is to take the cab till the main city and then take a walk in the lanes on Mathura.

Best time to visit
The best time to visit Mathura-Vrindavan is in winter. Janmashtami is in Aug/ Sep and Holi in March are other best times to visit Mathura and Vrindavan.


Places Nearby
Gokulnathji Temple, Gokul

Gokul: Gokul is the place where infant Krishna was brought up by Vasudeva in secrecy in the home of his foster mother - Yashoda. Gokul is about 16 km from Mathura. The most important temple at Gokul is of Gokul Nathji.

Nandgaon: As the name suggests, Nandgaon is the home of Lord Krishna's foster father - Nand. Nandgaon is at a distance of 56 km from Mathura. Important sites of the town are a temple devoted to Nand and Pan Sarovar, one of the four celebrated lakes of Braj Bhoomi, where, according to legend, Lord Krishna used to water his herd.

Agra:
The city of Taj Mahal - Agra is about 60 km away from Mathura. Besides the Taj Mahal, the monument worth visiting in Agra is the Red Fort.
Read more on Agra.

Bharatpur: Popularly known for the bird sanctuary located here, Bharatpur is about 42 km from Mathura. Read more on Bharatpur.


Stay Options

There are a number of hotels, ashrams and apartments in both Mathura and Vrindavan. Hotels in Mathura and Vrindavan range from luxury hotels to ashrams, guest houses and budget hotels. Mathura hotels provide comfortable accommodation to pilgrims visiting the twin-city Mathura and Vrindavan.
Check hotels in Mathura & Vrindavan.


How to reach

By Air: The nearest airport is Kheria (Agra), which is about 62 km away. Delhi airport is 155 km away.

By Rail: Mathura is on the main lines of both the Cental and Western Railways, and is connected with most of the important cities such as Delhi, Agra, Mumbai, Jaipur, Gwalior, Kolkata...etc. The city's main railway station is just 4 km from the old city.

By Road: Mathura is connected to all major cities via the National Highways. Regular Bus service is available to Mathura-Vrindavan from Delhi, Jaipur, Agra and other neighbouring cities.
Mathura has two bus stands. The Old Bus stand located near the City Gate has buses going to Agra and Govardhan. The New Bus Stand has buses going to Delhi, Jaipur, Bharatpur and Deeg.

Vrindavan is connected to Mathura and other places in Uttar Pradesh and the rest of the country by rail and bus services, and is directly linked by road to Agra. You can take a bus from Mathura to Vrindavan, or share a taxi or tempo. Check Driving Directions from Delhi to Mathura.

About Mathura: Mathura Information & Fact File
Altitude 287 meters
Temp
Summer 45 (Max) & 22 (Min) Degrees Celsius
Winter 31 (Max) & 4 (Min) Degrees Celsius
Best time to Go October – March
Monsoon July - September
Summer April - June
Winter December – February
Clothes Cottons in summer and woolens in winter
Nearest Airport Kheria (Agra), 62 km
Nearest Railway Station Mathura (Major halt of the Western Railway network)
Bus Station Mathura (Directly connected with Agra, Delhi)
Hospital & Doctor

Has a District Hospital and a Methodist Hospital to handle medical emergencies

Places to see Krishna Janma Bhoomi, Jama Masjid, Vishram Ghat, Dwarkadheesh Temple …
   
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